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Doctor is In: Protect your head

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Did you know that injury is the leading cause of death and disability among children and young adults? Join Deena Centofanti in a live chat room to learn how to protect your kids and yourself.

Deena will be joined by: Daniel Michael, M.D., Ph.D. - Chief, Neurotrauma & Critical Care, Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak and Lori Sheridan, Beaumont Neuroscience program and ThinkFirst chapter director. 


Bicycle Safety statistics from Beaumont Hospital's ThinkFirst website:

Death and Injury Statistics

  • Non-helmeted riders are 14 times more likely to be involved in a fatal crash than helmeted riders.
  • Helmets can prevent an estimated 75% of bicycle fatalities among children.
  • 85-88% of critical head and brain injuries can be prevented through the use of a bicycle helmet.
  • By wearing a helmet, an injury can be prevented every 4 minutes.
  • Universal bicycle helmet use by children ages 4-15 can prevent 39,000-45,000 head injuries, and 18,000-55,000 scalp and face injuries annually.
  • 90% of bicycle fatalities occurred to riders not wearing helmets for the year 2000 as a sample.

WHEN AND WHERE injuries are most likely to occur

  • Bicycle deaths are more likely to occur in the summer between the hours of 3 p.m. and 9 p.m.
  • A bicycle crash is likely to occur in a driveway or on a sidewalk.
  • Most bicycle crashes occur within 5 blocks of the home.
  • Injuries are four times greater at dusk, dawn or night for children.

Brain injury statistics from Beaumont Hospital's ThinkFirst website:

Each year, an estimated 1.7 million persons in the United States sustain a brain injury and 12,000 - 20,000 sustain a spinal cord injury.

In fact, injury is the leading cause of death among children and teens. The most frequent causes of these injuries are motor vehicle crashes, violence, falls, sports and recreation.

Concussion: A Force to Be Reckoned With!

Much is currently in the news about concussion, and with good reason! A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury, or TBI, that is often described as a "mild" brain injury because concussions are not usually life-threatening. Their effects, however, can be serious, especially if the brain is not given adequate time to heal before returning to sports or activities. Preventing concussion, recognizing symptoms, seeking medical evaluation and following concussion guidelines are all vital for full recovery and the prevention of more serious effects.

Concussions are caused by a fall or blow to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth, causing impact on the brain. According the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, athletes experiencing any of the signs and symptoms below after a blow to the head or body should be kept out of play the day of the injury and until a health care professional skilled in evaluating concussion says they are symptom-free and able to return to play: (

Observed Signs:

  • Appears dazed or stunned
  • Confused about assignment or position
  • Forgets an instruction
  • Is unsure of game, score or appointment
  • Moves clumsily
  • Answers questions slowly
  • Loses consciousness (even briefly)
  • Exhibits mood, behavior or personality changes
  • Can't recall events prior to hit or fall
  • Can't recall events after hit or fall

Symptoms Reported by Athlete:

  • Headache or "pressure" in head
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Balance problems or dizziness
  • Double or blurry vision
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Sensitivity to noise
  • Feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy or groggy
  • Concentration or memory problems
  • Confusion
  • States does not "feel right"

Rest is essential after a concussion to allow the brain adequate time to heal. If a repeat concussion occurs before the brain has recovered, there is an increased risk for a more serious brain injury with long-term effects. It is essential that coaches, parents and athletes are all educated on the importance of following strict concussion guidelines.

To lower your risk for head injuries and concussion, apply the same ThinkFirst message in all you do: use your mind to protect your body! Make safe choices to prevent concussion and traumatic brain injury by:

  • Practicing safe techniques and actions on and off the field
  • Conditioning well to preparing for athletic activities
  • Follow the rules of the game and coach recommendations
  • Practice good sportsmanship and don't use unnecessary force
  • Always use the recommended protective gear, such as properly fitted helmets, pads, and eye and mouth guards
  • Protecting from TBI and concussion goes beyond sports and recreation; Think First when it comes to vehicle safety, prevention of falls and avoiding violence - all leading causes of brain injury
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