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Children who drown may not scream, call for help, splash or struggle. They can silently slip beneath the water, even with adults and lifeguards present. To help prevent drowning remember these Layers of Protection
Constant Visual Supervision
Assign an adult Water Guardian whose only responsibility is to watch children who are in the water. Teach Children who cannot swim to stay away from water unless they are with an adult who is within arm's reach and has eye-to-eye contact with them. And learn how to recognize a swimmer in trouble
Learn to Swim
Studies show that formal swim lessons for children under age 4 reduce drowning by 88%. Take swim lessons with your child if you don't know how to swim. Even adults who are strong swimmers should never swim alone
Wear Life Jackets
Children who cannot swim should always wear the appropriate U.S. Coast guard approved life jacket. Do not rely on water wings, floats, or other toys to keep children safe in the water.
Multiple barriers on all Pools and Hot Tubs
Install pool fences, self-closing, self –latching gates and door alarms in areas leading to pools and hot tubs. Keep a phone by the pool and call 911 in an emergency. Keep pool area picked up and clear of toys and other items which might attract an unsupervised child
Keep Backyards and Bathrooms Safe
Dump all water buckets and empty kiddie pools when they are not in use. Install safety latches on toilets. Never leave children unattended in the bathtub
Always Check Pools and Hot Tubs first for a Missing Child
Make sure to look at the bottom of the pool or hot tub. Do not quickly scan the top and move on. Children who drown often sink to the bottom and appear as shadows that can easily be overlooked - seconds count, act quickly to rescue children from the water.
Timely and effective CPR can increase the chance of survival. Refresh CPR skills yearly and certifications every two years. Post CPR guidelines near pools and hot tubs.
Take the Water Guardian Pledge
- I will constantly watch Children around water
- I will not become distracted
- I will maintain a valid CPR certification
- I will be on duty until relieved by an adult